STYLE OF MANUSCRIPTS
Manuscripts should be written in clear,
concise and grammatically correct English
(with 12 font size and Times New Roman font
style) so that they are intelligible to the
professional reader who is not a specialist in
any particular field. Manuscripts that do not
conform to these requirements and the
following manuscript format may be returned to
the author prior to review for correction. The
entire manuscript, including references,
should be typed single spaced on one side of
the paper, with margins of 1 inch each side.
All pages should be numbered consecutively in
the bottom centre. Indent new paragraphs. Turn
the hyphenation option off, including only
those hyphens that are essential to the
meaning. The manuscript should be presented in
the following order.
This should contain the title (capitalize
first letter of each word in the title) of the
contribution and the name(s) and address(es)
of the author(s). The full postal address,
Internet e-mail address, telephone and
facsimile numbers of the author who will
receive correspondence and check the proofs
should be included, as well as the present
address of any author if different from that
where the work was carried out. The main title
should, where possible, contain the major key
words used in the body of the manuscript; the
title should contain the scientific name and
authorities of the insect with the order and
family placed in parentheses.
All manuscripts must include a brief but
informative Abstract intelligible without
reference to the main text. It should not
exceed 300 words and should describe the
scope, hypothesis or rationale for the work
and the main findings. Both common and
scientific names should be included; the
authorities are not given if they appear in
the title. References to the literature and
mathematical symbols / equations should not be
included. Abstract must include following
This section should include answers of the
• Why was research needed?
• What was the
context of the work?
• Introduce the
problem or provide background for what you
• What did you do
and how did you go about solving or making
progress on the problem.
• Describe the
method of research, study, or analysis applied
to the problem.
• What results did you get?
• State what you
found and relate it to the problem.
• Summarize the major results in numbers,
avoid vague, hand waving results such as “very
small” or “significant”.
• What are the implications of your answer?
• State the relevance, implications, or
significance of the results or conclusions, to
• Significance of work is often implied by the
recommendations or implications for future
Key words (3-5) should be provided below the
Abstract to assist with indexing of the
article. These should not duplicate key words
from the title.
This section should include sufficient
background information to set the work in
context. The aims of the manuscript should be
clearly stated. The introduction should not
contain either findings or conclusions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This should be concise but provide sufficient
detail to allow the work to be repeated by
Results should be presented in a logical
sequence in the text, tables and figures;
repetitive presentation of the same data in
different forms should be avoided. The results
should not contain material appropriate to the
This should consider the results in relation
to any hypotheses advanced in the Introduction
and place the study in the context of other
work. Only in exceptional cases should the
Results and Discussion sections be combined.
The source of financial grants and other
funding must be acknowledged, including a
frank declaration of the authors' industrial
links and affiliations. Authors must declare
any financial support or relationships that
may pose conflict of interest in a covering
letter submitted with the manuscript.
Financial and technical assistance may be
acknowledged here. Anonymous reviewers should
not be acknowledged. It is the authors'
responsibility to obtain written permission to
quote material that has appeared in another
Bibliographic references in the text appear
like [1, 2, 5, 6], using square brace in
superscript. References should be numbered
consecutively, with style:
1. Hadjibabaie, M., N. Rastkari, A.Rezaie and
M. Abdollahi, 2005. The Adverse Drug Reaction
in the Gastrointestinal Tract: An Overview.
Intl. J. Pharmacol., 1 (1): 1-8.
1. Daniel A. Potter, 2002. Destructive
turfgrass insects: Biology, diagnosis and
control. Wiley Canada Publishers, pp: 24-67
Chapters in Book:
1. Bray R.A., 1994. The leucaena psyllid. In:
Forage Tree Legumes in Tropical Agriculture (eds
R.C. Gutteridge and H.M. Shelton) pp. 283–291.
CAB International, Oxford.
Titles of journals should be given in full.
‘In press' can only be used to cite
manuscripts actually accepted for publication
in a journal. Citations such as ‘manuscript in
preparation' or ‘manuscript submitted' are not
permitted. Data from such manuscripts can only
be mentioned in the text as ‘unpublished
Authors must provide Digital Object Identifier
(DOI) number for all references, just in case,
if there is no DOI for any reference, author
may provide its URL / direct accessible web
link for verification purpose. All other
references i.e. without DOI or internet link
are not acceptable.
Tables should be self-contained and
complement, but not duplicate, information
contained in the text. Tables should be
numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals.
Each table should be presented on a separate
page with a comprehensive but concise legend
above the table. Tables should be
double-spaced and vertical lines should not be
used to separate columns. Column headings
should be brief, with units of measurement in
parentheses; all abbreviations should be
defined in footnotes. Use superscript letters
(not numbers) for footnotes and keep footnotes
to a minimum. *, **, *** should be reserved
for P values. The table and its
legend/footnotes should be understandable
without reference to the text.
Only scientifically necessary illustrations
should be included. All illustrations (line
drawings and photographs) are classified as
figures. Figures should be cited in
consecutive order in the text. Each figure
should be labeled on the back in very soft
marker or chinagraph pencil, indicating name
of author(s), figure number and orientation.
(Do not use an adhesive label.) Figures should
be sized to fit within the column (82 mm) or
the full text width (171 mm). Line figures
should be supplied as sharp, black and white
graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or
with a computer graphics package; lettering
should be included. Photographs should be
supplied as sharp, glossy, black and white
photographic prints and must be unmounted.
Individual photographs forming a composite
figure should be of equal contrast, to
facilitate printing and should be accurately
squared. Magnifications should be indicated
using a scale bar on the illustration.
Graphics should be supplied as high resolution
(at least 300 d.p.i.) electronic files, saved
as .eps or .tif format. A high resolution
print-out must also be provided. Digital
images supplied only as low-resolution
print-outs cannot be used.
Colour photographs should be submitted as good
quality, glossy colour prints. Authors have to
bear the cost of colour printing.
Legends should be self-explanatory and typed
on a separate sheet. The legend should
incorporate definitions of any symbols used
and all abbreviations and units of measurement
should be explained so that the figure and its
legend is understandable without reference to
the text. (Provide a letter stating copyright
authorization if figures have been reproduced
from another source.)
ABBREVIATION AND UNITS
SI units (metre, kilogram etc.), as outlined
in the latest edition of Units, Symbols and
Abbreviations: A Guide for Medical and
Scientific Editors and Authors (Royal Society
of Medicine Press, London), should be used
wherever possible. Statistics and measurements
should always be given in figures; that is, 10
mm, except where the number begins the
sentence. When the number does not refer to a
unit measurement, it is spelt out, except
where the number is greater than nine. Use
only standard abbreviations. The word ‘Figure'
should be shortened to Fig. unless starting a
The complete scientific name (genus, species
and authority) and cultivar or strain where
appropriate, should be given for all animals
when first mentioned; authorities are not
needed for plants. The generic name may be
abbreviated to an initial in subsequent
references except at the start of sentences
and where intervening references to other
genera would cause confusion.
Proofs will be sent via e-mail as an Acrobat
PDF (Portable Document Format) file and should
be returned within 3 days of receipt.
Alterations to the text and figures (other
than the essential correction of errors) are
unacceptable at proof stage and authors may be
charged for excessive alterations. Acrobat
Reader will be required in order to read the
PDF. This software can be downloaded from the
following website: http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html.
This will enable the file to be opened, read
on screen and printed out in order for any
corrections to be added. Authors should
therefore supply an e-mail address to which
proofs can be e-mailed. If absent, authors
should arrange for a colleague to access their
e-mail, retrieve the PDF proof and check and
return it to the publisher on their behalf.
Before submission of your manuscript, please
• All references cited in the text are
included in the reference section.
• All figures and tables are cited in the
• Figures are at least 300 d.p.i.
• The pages are numbered.
SAMPLE COVERING LETTER
Social Science Researcher
centre for social science research
north lakhimpur college
Subject: Submission of manuscript
I/We would like to submit the following
manuscript for possible evaluation
Name and address of corresponding author
I (we) affirm that the manuscript has been
prepared in accordance with Science
Publication’s journals Instructions for
I (we) have read the manuscript and I (we)
hereby affirm that the content of this
manuscript or a major portion thereof has not
been published in a refereed journal, and it
is not being submitted for publication
Type of Manuscript (check one):
paper (Name of Symposium)
Signature of Corresponding Author